Memos from Asia

Avicenna (Ibn Sina), One of the best minds of the Muslim world

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(Credit: Davide Mauro, CC BY-SA 4.0)

Abu Ali Ibn Sina was a great Muslim physician, polymath, philosopher, thinker, astronomer, poet, and writer in the Golden age of Islam. Ibn Sina is better known in Europe and the Americas as Avicenna.

Avicenna was one of the famous philosophers who brought the culture of Central Asia and Islam to the forefront of world culture in the Middle Ages. The contribution of Avicenna’s heritage is enormous that he is often regarded as a person who shaped modern science, philosophy, and medicine.

Ibn Sina was born in 980 in the Afshona village of Bukhara (located in the territory of modern Uzbekistan). From younger times, Avicenna was a talented and sharp-minded person, who had strong knowledge and memory.

At the age of 10, he memorized the entire Qur’an, the holy book of Muslims. Along with studying thinkers of the East, he also learned the scientific heritage of Aristotle, Ptolemy, Galen, Hippocrates, Pythagoras, Euclid, and Porphyry.

At the age of 16-17, Avicenna became a famous medical doctor at the time. Avicenna became so popular that there were various stories, legends, and myths about him among the East nations. Saviya.

What made Avicenna so famous?

Avicenna played a major role in the development of modern science and medicine. Here, we will exemplify several things that made Ibn Sina famous and reputable to the world.

Over 450 books on a wide range of subjects were written by Avicenna, but only about 240 have survived.

The huge and the most significant contribution of Avicenna to medical science was his book “Al Qanun Fi Al-Tibb” (The Canon of Medicine). The book was used as the leading medical guide in European universities until the mid 17th century. The Canon of Medicine was a five-volume encyclopedia and had over 1 million words.

Avicenna invented an instrument to observe the coordinates of a star. He made several remarkable astronomical observations. For instance, Avicenna stated that stars are self-luminous objects.

At the time when Europe was stating that the sun revolves around the earth, Ibn Sina proposed that Venus was closer to the sun than the earth in the middle ages. (Famous Scientist)

In fact, only in 1543, the heliocentric theory of Nicolaus Copernicus objected that earth and planets revolve around the sun. (Nasa)

Avicenna wrote about the types of drugs and medicine as well as introduced the ways to prepare them, which are still used by doctors.

Ibn Sina suggested that infections can be spread by creatures that invisible to the eyes. He found the difference between cholera and the plague. His concepts and methods helped to save entire cities from the spread of fatal infections.

Thousands of detailed receipts were written by Avicenna that can treat hundreds of diseases. For instance, the treatment for liver disease was compiled, which was incurable at the time. Additionally, he proposed medical receipts to treat jaundice, syphilis, pneumonia, meningitis, and stomach ulcers.

Ibn Sina was among the first who introduced therapeutic nutrition and noted the effect of diet on health. Sputnik

The heritage of Avicenna in pedagogy is also huge. He proposed a new teaching principle. He paid great importance to the importance of analysis, pedagogy, generalization, and learning in a team.

Philosophical rubai (a type of poem) proved that Ibn Sina was a great poet. They are valuable as they introduced a new type of poetic form to the world literature.

Avicenna’s books and works are valuable and need further research and study. Several festivals and

Ibn Sina died on July 21, 1037 in Hamadan, the city of Iran. Sputnik

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