Central Asia consists of 5 countries – Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan. The independent states have diverse landscapes, from hot deserts to snowy mountains.
Meanwhile, the broad and various species of flora and fauna exist in the region.
Unfortunately, some species are decreasing very fast and may go lost. Czudek.
But not many people know about Central Asia and the threatened animals of this region. Here, we will discuss several Central Asian endangered animals.
One of the most extraordinary mammals of Central Asia is Manul. The second name of this predatory cat is Pallas’ cat. Manul is famous for its round eyes and beautiful fur, which are the biggest causes of the threat of extinction.
Manul has 9,000 hairs in its one square meter fur. Also, the fur is thick and fluffy. Many years passed since Pallas’ cat has been staying in the list of “close to the vulnerable position.”
Manul is a Greek word, which means “ugly ear” in English.
The main reasons for Manul’s population decline are illegal pouching and a decrease in food supply due to marmots and other rodents. Living Asia Online.
The number of Saiga antelopes are decreasing very fast. They have become among the critically endangered species.
Hunting and loss of habitat factors making their future uncertain.
In 1990, 30 years ago, the population of Saiga antelopes was over 1 million. However, today in 2020, the number of animals falls to around 50,000. These antelopes are facing a dramatic population decline.
The legs of Saiga are similar to sheep in size. The antelopes have long but thin legs. The extraordinary nose helps them to breathe dusty air in summertime and make cold air warm during winters. Dcat.
Local people know this bird as a screaming bird. Bustard is at risk. The bird included in the “Red book “of several countries like Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. Kun uz
However, every year rich Dubai sheiks come to Uzbekistan to hunt bustard. The place where they hunt is “The UAE’s Bustard Protection Centre.” Kun uz
Argali belongs to the Bovidae family of mammals, which also includes sheep and goats. Unfortunately, Argali is also near to threatening species that we may not see in the future.
These mountain sheep live in mountainous regions of Central Asia and also in Siberia.
The pregnancy period of Argali lasts 150-160 days. They usually give birth to 1-2 lambs.
The Argali become prey for snow leopards, lynxes, and wolves.
The main threat to the population of Argali is again uncontrolled hunting. Natural environmental changes also negatively impact the number of Argali. Living Asia.
One of the major hunters of endangered Argali sheep is Turkestan lynxes. However, Turkestan lynxes are also at risk of becoming extinct.
Turkestan lynxes are also called Central Asian lynx, Tibetan lynx, or Himalayan lynx.
They live mainly in open woodlands, rocky hills, and mountains. DCAT.
Deer of Bukhara
World Wildlife Fund published a report in 2014. It stated that the number of animals in the world has decreased by half in 44 years since 1970.
Bukhara deer is also this kind of decreasing animal. Special steps by nature protection organizations should be taken to prevent them go extinct.
The number of Bukhara deer decreased by 400 heads in 1999 due to the civil war in Tajikistan. Today, the number reached 850 in the wildlife reserve of Tajikistan. Kun uz.
Despite the strict regulations, illegal hunting of deer has not stopped. Recently, a citizen who wanted to export the rare deer antlers caught by the customs of Uzbekistan. According to the current rules, the import and export of wild animals and their parts should be carried out with the permission of the Nature Protection State Committee of Uzbekistan. Sputnik News
Snow leopards are famous for their beautiful fur. In central Asian mountainous regions, you can see endangered snow leopards.
These leopards are nomadic cats as they constantly move around the terrain and cliffs.
Human interaction made the future of these beautiful cats uncertain, even though they live in high-altitude places with cold weather.
Probably 3000 but no more than 6000 snow leopards left in the wild. However, accurate data about exact numbers do not exist. DCAT.
High fines and penalties exist for poaching and illegal hunting of animals. However, poachers hunt marmots for healing fat, meat, and skin.
The number of Minzbier’s marmots has declined significantly in Uzbekistan from 1995 till 2015. According to the Chatkal reserve, Minzbier’s marmots’ population decreased from about 100,000 to only 5-7 thousand.
Senior researcher of the reserve Elena Bikova stated that most of the habitat of Menzbier’s marmot is in Uzbekistan, and the future of this species may depend on future actions on nature protection. RIA.
Kulan is also among the endangered animals that we may not see in the future. Its appearance may remind you of donkeys.
Kulans have perfect adaptation to cold and heat. They have short hair, which prevents them become overheated. Although kulans have great endurance and adapting, it seems these attributes could not ensure the safety from human hands.
Kulans are in the Red Book due to mass hunting and destruction of habitats. Living Asia.
This gazelle runs very fast and lives in Central Asia. Fortunately, the number of jeyran is now recovering. However, the future of jeyrans is still uncertain.
The vulnerability of jeyran is its meat and horns, which are the reason for poaching and hunting.
Also, the gazelles were the food source for shepherds in South Kazakhstan. Today, it is prohibited to hunt for jeyran in many countries. Living Asia.