Memos from Asia

How Flags of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan Changed after the Collapse of the Soviet Union?

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National Symbols are vital elements of independent countries.

Central Asian nations highly appreciate their country’s symbols because it reflects the history, culture, and strength of the country.

Before the collapse of the Soviet Union, the flags of Central Asian countries looked almost similar. Now, we will know to what extent they are distinguishable to the flags before declaring independence.


Kazakhstan was a part of the Soviet Union until 1991. Before proclaiming independence, the official flag of the country was very similar to the flag of the USSR. It was a red flag with a blue and thin line illustrated in the bottom. Of course, it contained the symbols of the Soviets – red star, hammer, and sickle.
However, the official flag of sovereign Kazakhstan is in blue. The flag is the symbol of the pure sky, prosperity, and peace. The sun is in the center. It symbolizes energy, life, and openness, while the soaring golden eagle shows the power and independence of the country. You can see a vertical pattern on the left. Described in Turkic style, it is a representation of oriental art and the cultural background of the Kazakh nation. Kazakhstan Embassy.


The flag of Uzbekistan in Soviet times was almost the same as the flag of Kazakhstan. One unique difference was in the blue line with white-edged lines. It is illustrated in the middle of the flag, not at the bottom like in Kazakhstan.

As Uzbekistan is an independent country, it is commonplace to have a new flag. The current official flag is composed of three horizontal stripes of blue, white, green as well as 12 stars, half-moon, and red lines. All the features of the national flag have symbolized. For instance, the blue stripe represented the sky and freshness of the water, while the white line showed the friendliness and peacefulness of the Uzbek nation.

Meanwhile, a green line was nature and new life after independence. Moreover, 12 stars are a symbol of 12 regions of Uzbekistan, while a half-moon represents the national independence of the state. TDTU.


Like other countries, the authorities of Kyrgyzstan used a USSR flag as a background of Soviet Kyrgyzstan. The flag had a dark blue stripe in the center with a blue line in the middle of it.

Kyrgyzstan proclaimed independence in 1991. However, it used the flag of Soviet Kyrgyzstan until March 3, 1992.

The background color of the sovereign Kyrgyz Republic is still red like in Soviet times. However, this time it has an illustration of the sun with a red-yellow emblem. Also, the current flag does not have stripes. The sun with 40 rays represents nobility, light, and eternity. Kyrgyz national hero Manas carried a flag with an emblem of the sun, so the Kyrgyz flag represented its national hero. Additionally, 40 rays symbolized the tribes that he united. Britannica.

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