Memos from Asia

How Much Do You Know About Iranian Women’s Hijab?

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Iran is located in the Middle East. Due to Iran’s proximity to the Arab world, people in Iran are often assumed to speak Arabic rather than Persian.

Also, Iranian women are often thought to be wearing hijabs and clothes like Saudi women, with only their eyes visible, as shown in the photo.

However, that’s a common mistake for American and European people. We would like to tell you how the reality of Hijab in Iran is.

Hijab coverings are surprisingly diverse

First of all, let’s take a look at the general dress code for women in Iran.

The general dress code for Iranian women requires long pants that reach the ankles, a scarf that partially covers the head and neck, and a tunic that hides the buttocks, breasts and other body shapes.

After the Islamic Revolution of 1979, the hijab became mandatory in Iran.

However, the coverings of the hijab are very diverse, depending on the degree of religious beliefs, family rules, and which part of Iran one lives in. At fashion shows and events like Fajr International Film Festival, you will see the variety of clothing, colors and designs.

Iran is home to a very diverse range of tribes and ethnic groups. These groups also have to wear the hijab according to the laws of the country, but they follow their own ways.

For example, the colorful clothes of Baloch women in southeast of Iran with their gorgeous shoes show the diversity and various cultures of Iran.

The women of Turkmen in the north east of Iran also have a different style of clothing.

Their tunics used to be made of silk, but now they are made of synthetic fibers in most cases.

Turkmen women’s dresses are relatively simple. The color of the dress fabric is often chosen from crimson, purple, red and floral colors. The cloth gradually widens from top to bottom.

The women’s dresses of Qashqai tribes in western Iran are long and have two slits on each side for easy walking.

Shiraz, Iran – May 2019: Qashqai nomadic women inside their tents. The Qasqhai are nomadic people living in temporary villages.

Tongan Torki is a long corrugated skirt that is made from lightweight fabrics. All Qashqai women wear two or three skirts.

Shiraz, Iran – May 2019: Qashqai nomadic woman by her tent. The Qashqai are nomadic people living in temporary villages.

The combination of many colors is one of the unique features of Gilaki clothing.

Gilk’s women wear a skirt that is high to the ground. The designs of these skirts are usually horizontal stripes, each of which has a different color. These skirts are worn with a simple shirt and colorful vest.

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#Gilaki girl, Iran

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In Metropolitan, manteau, pants, or long skirts are very common. Women have more freedom of choosing their hijab than in smaller and religious cities.

Fars Province, Shiraz: Shah Cheragh Shrine, Two fashionable young Iranian women pass through the inner courtyard of the mosque.

Near a sacred place, women wear a more modest dress called a chador. The chador is a long black swathe that hides everything but the face.

Young women wear happy and colorful clothes in different designs. There is no restriction on the color of the clothes.

Fars Province, Shiraz: Young Iranian women, dressed in hijab, are walking along a city street with smartphones in their hands.

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