When we talk about Persian culture, the carpet is undoubtedly one of the noticeable symbols that show this culture and uniqueness.
Persian rugs are one of the most popular carpets in the world.
There is no doubt that Iranians are the pioneers of carpet sewing. Throughout history, Iranian creative and talented sewers have built a reputation in the field of carpets.
Carpet weaving in Iran dates back to 500 BC, more than 2,000 years ago.
According to the international site of Iranian carpets, the oldest carpet in the world – Pazyryk carpet – is an Iranian Achaemenid work.
The carpet was discovered during an archaeological excavation from the grave of a Scythian nobleman in 1949 in the Pazyryk Valley in the Altai Mountains of Siberia.
What are Persian carpets made of?
Wool and silk are the only materials used to make a real wool Persian rug. The wool for the material is taken annually from sheep. Some artisans design silk Persian rugs from natural silk, cut from silk caterpillars.
Part of the appeal of Persian carpets is that they are handmade. Weavers spend several months to several years, depending on the size and quality of the rug, hunched over a loom creating thousands of knots.
The rug often conveys the weaver’s character or mood, much in the same way an artist represents their mood or viewpoints in a painting. Many rugs also contain intentional mistakes, symbolic that human beings are incomplete.
An Interwoven Meaning
Also, the colors used to dye a carpet have a specific meaning.
For example, reds signify happiness, luck, courage, and wealth; blue means power and honesty; yellow symbolizes the sun and is associated with royalty.
After Islam, magnificent Persian carpets, especially the silk ones, have been mentioned and adored by historians and writers from different lands at various times. As Islam prohibited using human motifs, carpet designs changed to floral and geometric patterns. It was the beginning of a new era of Persian carpet weaving.
Carpets decorated the floors of mosques, shrines, and homes, but they could hung on walls of houses to preserve warmth in the winter.
Persian carpets are one of the best souvenirs to take home when traveling to Iran. There is a vast variety of styles and designs to satisfy all different kinds of tastes.